HAVE LOTS OF FUN IN SARDINIA
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Cagliari is a capital of Sardinia. It lies at the northern extremity of the Gulf of Cagliari, on the south coast of the island.
The old town, probably occupies the site of the Carthaginian acropolis, while the western quarter and the Marina quarter of the lower town were probably more important under the Romans, as testified to by the great Roman amphitheatre and an extensive Roman necropolis.
The principal monuments of the medieval upper town are the Cathedral of Santa Cecilia (1257–1312; rebuilt 1669–1702), with two of the original transept doors; parts of the Pisan fortifications, including the towers of San Pancrazio (1305) and the Elefante (1307); the archaeological museum; and the University of Cagliari (founded 1606). In the Villanova quarter, east of the Marina, is the early Christian (5th–6th century) domed Basilica of San Saturnino, or SS. Cosma e Damiano, rebuilt in the 12th century. Cagliari is an archiepiscopal see.